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APA Citation Style Guide

About the Examples

This page provides examples of works cited entries in APA Citation Style for a variety of common sources. These examples should not be considered exhaustive. 

If you are unsure how to cite a particular source, talk to your instructor or a reference librarian, or consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. See notations in brackets for section references. 

Additional APA Help

APA Citation Tips

  • Use initials only for an author or editor's first and middle names.
  • Use ampersands between multiple authors’ names.
  • The publication date immediately follows the author’s name in parentheses.
  • Only the first word of the title and subtitle are capitalized (along with any proper names).
  • Missing information can be omitted from the citation except dates, which should be recorded as n.d.
  • In text citations referring to a print source include a page number.

References - Books and Anthologies

Book by one author [7.02] (Brophy, 1995, p. 54)

Brophy, R. J. (1995). Robinson Jeffers: Dimensions of a poet. New York, NY:

         Fordham University Press.

 Book with two authors [7.02] (Werther & Davis, 1993, p. 123)

Werther, W. B., Jr. & Davis, K. (1993). Human resources and personnel

         management (4th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Book with three to five authors [7.02] First in-text citation (Edginton, Hudson, & Lankford, 2001, p. 45); subsequent citations (Edington et al., 2001, p. 45)

Edginton, C. R., Hudson, S. D., & Lankford, S. V. (2001). Managing recreation,

         parks, and leisure services: An introduction. Champaign, IL: Sagamore.

Multiple books, same author [6.25] (Brophy, 1973, p. 45) (Brophy, 1995, p. 56)

Brophy, R. J. (1973). Robinson Jeffers: Myth, ritual, and symbol in his narrative

         poems. Cleveland, OH: Case Western Reserve University Press.

Brophy, R. J. (1995). Robinson Jeffers: Dimensions of a poet. New York, NY:

         Fordham University Press.

Edited book [7.02] (Nuwer, 2004, p. 23)

Nuwer, H. (Ed.). (2004). The hazing reader. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Chapter in an edited book [7.02] (Arnold, 2004, pp. 60-85)

Arnold, J. C. (2004). Hazing and alcohol in a college fraternity. In H. Nuwer (Ed.), The

         hazing reader (pp. 51-105). Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

 Book with a corporate author [7.03] First in-text citation (World Tourism Organization [WTO], 2003, p. 34); subsequent citations (WTO, 2003, p. 34)

World Tourism Organization. (2003). MICE outbound tourism 2000. Madrid,

         Spain: Author.

References - Other

Company Profile (Business and Company Resource Center, 2010)

Business and Company Resource Center. (2010, May 14) Darden restaurants.

         [Company profile]. Retrieved from Business and Company Resource

         Center Database:

Film or Video Recording (Schofield, 2001)

Schofield, J. D. (Producer), & Annuad, J. J. (Director). (2001). Enemy at the Gates

         [Motion picture]. United States: Paramount Pictures.

Personal Interview format: (E. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, 2014)

Personal interviews or communications (emails, etc) are not included in your reference list but an in-text citation should be included in the manuscript.

Class Handout Quoting Another Source (Aldiss, 2006)

Aldiss, B. (2006) Icarus Poems: A Selective Arachniography [Handout]. English

         Composition: English 1020, Johnson & Wales University. Denver, Colorado.

Professor's Video Lecture posted in Ulearn (Smith, 2013)

Smith, J. (2013). Foodservice management: An introduction [Video]. Retrieved